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A Bibliographic Study on Artificial Intelligence Research: Global Panorama and Indian Appearance

Library Herald Year : 2022, Volume : 60, Issue : 4 First page : ( 15) Last page : ( 36) Print ISSN : 0024-2292. Online ISSN : 0976-2469. Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-2469.2022.00036.7

A Bibliographic Study on Artificial Intelligence Research: Global Panorama and Indian Appearance

Tiwari Amit1, Bardhan Susmita2, Kumar Vikas3 1DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India 2DLIS, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India 3VSL, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Abstract The present study identifies and assesses the bibliographic trend in Artificial Intelligence (AI) research for the years 2015-2020 using the science mapping method of bibliometric study. The required data has been collected from the Scopus database. To make the collected data analysis-ready, essential data transformation was performed manually and with the help of a tool viz. OpenRefine. For determining the trend and performing the mapping techniques, top five open access and commercial journals of AI have been chosen based on their citescore driven ranking. The work includes 6880 articles published in the specified period for analysis. The trend is based on Country-wise publications, year-wise publications, topical terms in AI, top-cited articles, prominent authors, major institutions, involvement of industries in AI and Indian appearance. The results show that compared to open access journals; commercial journals have a higher citescore and number of articles published over the years. Additionally, IEEE is the prominent publisher which publishes 84% of the top-cited publications. Further, China and the United States are the major contributors to literature in the AI domain. The study reveals that neural networks and deep learning are the major topics included in top AI research publications. Recently, not only public institutions but also private bodies are investing their resources in AI research. The study also investigates the relative position of Indian researchers in terms of AI research. Present work helps in understanding the initial development, current stand and future direction of AI. Keywords Artificial intelligence, Bibliographic trend analysis, Topical trend, Keyword network analysis, Institutional collaboration, Open Refine.

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